Mold is a type of fungus that grows mainly on moist and warm surfaces in homes. Some of them are capable of growing in cold conditions as well, but all of them require moisture. Molds are multicellular and they spread with the help of spores. These spores are present virtually everywhere around us but can’t be seen with the naked eye. Mold spores enter your home either by air through open doors or windows or with people, pets, or various objects. And once they enter your home, there are a lot of suitable grounds they can find to grow in. If any mold spore sits on one of these areas by chance, it will multiply without any hindrance until you stop it. It might even spread to other areas of your home. Some of the common breeding grounds for mold in your house are moist areas in the kitchen and bathroom, exterior and interior walls, mattresses, wooden surfaces such as furniture, etc.
In this article, we are going to look at how to get rid of mold growth on wooden surfaces. Since wood is an organic material, it is food for all types of fungus including mold. So if you let it grow unchecked, it can even eat up a whole wooden structure with time. Moreover, some types of mold such as black mold are capable of causing health problems in people with weak immune systems who are exposed to them. So you must take a mold problem seriously and kill mold as soon as possible after you find it.
Signs of mold on wood
If there is mold growth on a wooden surface, there will be some signs indicating it. These signs can help you detect the presence of mold on a wooden surface. Following are the signs that there is mold growth on a wooden surface:-
Like in the case of all other surfaces, mold growth causes discoloration in wooden surfaces. If you notice an unexplained discoloration on a wooden surface, it might be caused by mold. You might want to inspect the surface for mold in such a case.
Regardless of the type of mold, all types of mold growth release a musty odor. If you’re getting a musty odor from the wooden surface, it might be due to the presence of mold.
3.Sticky and moist surface
Another sign of mold growth on a surface is that it becomes sticky and moist. Though there can be other reasons for this. But if you can’t find any explanations for it, you might want to inspect it for mold growth. Also, you must also look out for mold stains on the surface.
How to remove mold from wood
Once you find a mold colony growing on a wooden surface, or any surface in your house in general, you must get on with the preparation to remove it. With the right equipment and products, and the right method, you can effectively get rid of mold from a wooden surface. You must also take some safety measures during this task.
Equipment and products required
You would need the following items for effective removal of mold growing on wood:-
- Personal protective gear such as rubber gloves, a face mask or air mask, safety goggles, etc.
- Utility knife
- Soft cloth
- A vacuum cleaner with HEPA filter
- Spray bottle
- Chlorine bleach
- Dishwashing detergent
- Sandpaper (needed in case of mold growth underwood surfaces)
All of the items mentioned above are easy to arrange for.
Removing mold from wood
In case of extensive growth of mold on a wooden structure, you must hire a reputed mold removal service to get it removed. This is because only professionals would have the equipment and expertise needed to remove an extensively grown mold. But in case of growth has covered only a small area, you can remove mold from wood in the following simple steps:-
- The very first thing you must do is put on your protective gear. This is very important for ensuring your safety. You must put on an air mask or a face mask so that you don’t inhale the mold spores. When you’re working on removing the mold, the mold spores will be disturbed and go airborne. They might sit on your clothing. So you are advised to wear clothes that you can dispose of after being done with the process. You must properly take care of your safety during this task.
- The next step would be to vacuum the mold out of the wood surface. You must use a HEPA filter on your vacuum cleaner for this purpose. After that, you must put the moldy material in the vacuum bag into garbage bags. You must seal them properly in order to prevent the escape of the mold spores. Then you must carefully dispose of them outside your house.
- To kill off the mold on the wood completely, you can use a dishwashing detergent solution. You can make this solution domestically by simply mixing a teaspoon of the detergent with water in a spray bottle. Spray this solution on the affected area before scrubbing it with the scrub brush. Before spraying the cleaning solution, you must remember to shake it well. After scrubbing off the affected area, you must ensure that it is free of moisture. Use the sponge to absorb any amount of moisture left on the affected area. If you let the moisture remain, there is a chance of the mold coming back. So you must completely dry up the affected area in order to get effective results. You must use this method on all wood surfaces including baseboards and wood floors.
- In case you need a stronger cleaning solution, you can use a distilled vinegar solution. You can easily prepare this solution domestically by mixing equal parts of vinegar and warm water in a spray bottle. This solution is an efficient mold killer. After spraying this solution to the moldy area, let it sit for an hour. After that, wipe it with a wet cloth and then dry it completely with a sponge or dry towel.
- The steps mentioned above deal with mold on the surfaces of wood. you might also find mold growing under the surfaces of wood. In such cases, sanding is the only solution that is available for you. You must use 100-grit sandpaper for this purpose.